If you are not eligible for a national programme or an International Baccalaureate, it is possible to apply for an introductory programme. There are four introductory programmes:
- Programme-Oriented Option (IMV)
- Vocational Introduction (IMY)
- Individual Alternative (IMA)
- Language Introduction (IMS)
The introductory programmes are intended to provide students who are not eligible for a national programme with an individually adapted course of education that satisfies the students’ different educational needs and provides clear educational routes. The introductory programmes are intended to lead to establishment on the labour market and provide the best possible foundation for further education.
The main rule is that students who are eligible for other programmes should not study an introductory programme. The home municipality is responsible for providing preparatory education, the vocational introduction, individual alternatives and the language introduction.
In the admissions for 2019, the Preparatory Education programme and Programme-Oriented Individual Options were replaced by the new Programme-Oriented Option (IMV).
The aim of the Programme-Oriented Option is that compulsory school students who have not achieved eligibility for a specific national programme should be able to study in order to remedy this. This could apply not only to students who are not eligible for a vocational programme or a higher education preparatory programme, but also to students who are only eligible for a vocational programme but who wish to study a higher education preparatory programme.
The Programme-Oriented Option will cover the compulsory school subjects for which the student did not achieve a passing grade and that are required for eligibility to a specific national programme.
The aim of the Vocational Introduction is for students to receive a vocationally oriented education that makes it easier for them to establish themselves on the labour market or that leads to studies in a vocational programme. The Vocational Introduction can be designed either for a group of students or for an individual student. Students who do not have the passing grades required for a vocational programme are eligible for the Vocational Introduction. However, the Vocational Introduction is not open to those who will be offered the Language Introduction.
The aim of the Individual Alternative is for students to progress to the Vocational Introduction, to other forms of education or to the labour market. The Individual Alternative is designed for the individual student. Students who do not have the passing grades required for a vocational programme are eligible for the Individual Alternative. However, Individual Alternatives are not open to those who will be offered the Language Introduction.
The aim of the Language Introduction is to provide young people who have recently arrived in Sweden with an education where the emphasis is on the Swedish language, in order to make it possible for them to progress to upper secondary school or to other forms of education. Language Introduction is designed for the individual student. Students who do not have the passing grades required for a vocational programme and who have recently moved to Sweden (and therefore need an education with a strong focus on the Swedish language) are eligible for the Language Introduction